Working Paper
Bahrami-Rad, Duman, Jonathan Beauchamp, Joseph Henrich, and Jonathan Schulz. “Kin-based institutions and economic development” (Working Paper). Publisher's Version
Henrich, Joseph, and Michael Muthukrishna. “What makes us smart?” (Working Paper). PDF
Atari, Mohammad, and Joseph Henrich. “Historical Psychology” (Working Paper). Preprint PDF
Blasi, Damián E., Vishala Mishra, Adolfo M. García, and Joseph P. Dexter. “Linguistic fairness in the U.S.: The case of multilingual public health information about COVID-19.” Public and Global Health, Working Paper. PreprintAbstract
Lack of high-quality multilingual resources can contribute to disparities in the availability of medical and public health information. The COVID-19 pandemic has required rapid dissemination of essential guidance to diverse audiences and therefore provides an ideal context in which to study linguistic fairness in the U.S. Here we report a cross-sectional study of official non-English information about COVID-19 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration, and the health departments of all 50 U.S. states. We find that multilingual information is limited in many states, such that almost half of all individuals not proficient in English or Spanish lack access to state-specific COVID-19 guidance in their primary language. Although Spanish-language information is widely available, we show using automated readability formulas that most materials do not follow standard recommendations for clear communication in medicine and public health. In combination, our results provide a snapshot of linguistic unfairness across the U.S. and highlight an urgent need for the creation of plain language, multilingual resources about COVID-19.
Hong, Ze, and Sergey Zinin. “The Psychology and Social Dynamics of Fetal Sex Prognostication in China: Evidence from Historical Data.” American Anthropologist (Forthcoming). PDF
Blasi, Damián E., Joseph Henrich, Evangelia Adamou, David Kemmerer, and Asifa Majid. “Over-reliance on English hinders cognitive science.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences (Forthcoming). Publisher's Version PDF
Issac, A. R., E. Trumbull, and P. M. Greenfield. “Cultural values (mismatch) in two U.S. elementary school classrooms: Examining the impact of cultural theory on teaching practice.School Community Journal (Forthcoming).
Hong, Ze. “Combining Conformist and Payoff Bias in Cultural Evolution: An Integrated Model for Human Decision Making.” Human Nature (Forthcoming). PDF
Hong, Ze. “Ghost, Divination, and Magic among the Nuosu: An Ethnographic Examination from Cognitive and Cultural Evolutionary Perspectives.” Human Nature (Forthcoming). PDF
Hong, Ze. “The ritual stance does not apply to magic in general.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences (Forthcoming). PDF
Bendixen, Theiss, Coren Lee Apicella, Quentin Atkinson, Emma Cohen, Joseph Henrich, Rita Anne McNamara, Ara Norenzayan, Aiyana Koka Willard, Dimitris Xygalatas, and Benjamin Grant Purzycki. “Appealing to the minds of gods: Religious beliefs and appeals correspond to features of local social ecologies.” Religion, Brain & Behavior (Forthcoming). PreprintAbstract
While appeals to gods and spirits are ubiquitous throughout human societies past and present, deities' postulated concerns vary across populations. How does the content of beliefs about and appeals to gods vary across groups, and what accounts for this variation? With particular emphasis on locally important deities, we develop a novel cultural evolutionary account that includes a set of predictive criteria for what deities will be associated with in various socioecological contexts. We then apply these criteria in an analysis of individual-level ethnographic free-list data on what pleases and angers locally relevant deities from eight diverse societies. We conclude with a discussion of how alternative approaches to cross-cultural variation in god beliefs and appeals fare against our findings and close by considering some key implications of our methods and findings for the cognitive and evolutionary study of religion.
Hong, Ze, Edward Slingerland, and Joseph Henrich. “Magic and empiricism in early Chinese rainmaking.” Current Anthropology (Forthcoming). PDF
Zeng, Tian Chen, and Joseph Henrich. “Cultural evolution may influence heritability by shaping assortative mating.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45 (2022): e181. Publisher's Version PDF
Bian, Q., Y. Chen, P. M. Greenfield, and Q. Yuan. “Mothers’ experience of social change and individualistic parenting goals over two generations in urban China.” Frontiers in Cultural Psychology (2022).
He, Angel, Patricia. M. Greefield, Amy Akiba, and Genavee Brown. “Why do many parents expect more help from their children during COVID-19? A qualitative follow-up to quantitative survey data.” Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology (2022): 100052. Publisher's Version
Henrich, Joseph, Damián E. Blasi, Cameron M. Curtin, Helen Elizabeth Davis, Ze Hong, Daniel Kelly, and Ivan Kroupin. “A Cultural Species and its Cognitive Phenotypes: Implications for Philosophy.” Review of Philosophy and Psychology (2022). Publisher's Version PDF
Henrich, Joseph. “Cognitive bugs, alternative models, and new data.” Religion, Brain & Behavior (2022): 42-58. Publisher's Version PDF
Hong, Ze. “Dream Interpretation from a Cognitive and Cultural Evolutionary Perspective: The Case of Oneiromancy in Traditional China.” Cognitive Science 46, no. 1 (2022): e13088. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Why did people across the world and throughout history believe that dreams can foretell what will occur in the future? In this paper, I attempt to answer this question within a cultural evolutionary framework by emphasizing the cognitive aspect of dream interpretation; namely, the fact that dreams were often viewed as significant and interpretable has to do with various psychological and social factors that influence how people obtain and process information regarding the validity of dream interpretation as a technique. Through a comprehensive analysis of a large dataset of dream occurrences in the official Chinese historical records, I argue that the ubiquity and persistence of dream interpretation have a strong empirical component (predictively accurate dream cases), which is particularly vulnerable to transmission errors and biases. The overwhelmingly successful records of dream prediction in transmitted texts, I suggest, is largely due to the fabrication and retrospective inference of past dreams, as well as the under-reporting of predictive failures. These “positive data” then reinforce individuals’ confidence in the predictive power of dreams. I finally show a potential decline of the popularity of dream interpretation in traditional China and offer a few suggestive explanations drawing on the unique characteristics of oneiromancy compared to other divination techniques.
Park, Peter S., Martin A. Nowak, and Christian Hilbe.Cooperation in alternating interactions with memory constraints.” Nature Communications 13, no. 737 (2022). Publisher's Version PDF
Purzycki, Benjamin Grant, Martin Lang, Joseph Henrich, and Ara Norenzayan. “The Evolution of Religion and Morality Project: Reflections and Looking Ahead.” Religion, Brain & Behavior 12, no. 1-2 (2022): 190-211. Publisher's Version